Lowenthal: distinction between information and intelligence based on the use of the information
Lowenthal (2011) makes a distinction between information and intelligence based on the use of the information. He writes that “intelligence is a subset of the broader category of information. Intelligence and the entire process by which it is identified, obtained, and analyzed responds to the needs of policy makers” (p. 1). He refers mainly to national security intelligence. What about other applications of “intelligence”? The articles in this week’s content offer very different uses of information, which is processed and intended for use by a consumer, to resolve a question or solve a problem. Choose two of the articles provided this week and answer these questions:
(1) What is the issue that requires intelligence to resolve?
(2) Who is the consumer; that is, who will use the intelligence and to what end (to prosecute a criminal, to change a policy, to answer a question for a decision-maker, for example)?
(3) Describe, briefly, the phases of the cycle to address the problem.
(4) Does this issue represent an application of “intelligence”? Why or why not?
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