,,California Clinics, an investor-owned chain of ambulatory care clinics, just paid a dividend of $2 per share. The firm’s dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5% per year, and investors require a 15 % rate of return on the stock.,,1. What is the stock’s value?,,2. Suppose the riskiness of the stock decreases, which causes the required rate of return to fall to 13%. Under these conditions, what is the stock’s value?,,3. Return to the original 15% required rate of return and assume a dividend growth rate estimate increase to 7% per year, what is the stock value?,,,4. Why is risk aversion so important to financial decision making?,,,(could you please include formulas)