continuum of becoming an antiracist institution

Please read the commentary section and the Hardiman/Jackson article, and review the stages identified in the “continuum of becoming an antiracist institution”. Please comment on where you feel Canada falls on the spectrum and also
Commentary
Multicultural and antiracist education are related topics that fall on the continuum of exclusive and inclusive. It is instructive to think of educational institutions being placed on this continuum of becoming an antiracist organization. The continuum moves from least inclusive to most inclusive. These stages can be identified as: exclusive, passive, symbolic change, analytic change, structural change, and inclusive.
An exclusive organization maintains and enforces the status quo of dominance and exclusion of racial and ethnic groups. It does this through its teachings, decision making mechanisms, policies and practices. The passive organization accepts some racial and ethnic minorities but still maintains the status quo and remains largely Eurocentric. The following may be stated: “Our organization doesn’t have a problem”; and, “We are tolerant of people of colour (i.e. those whom are ‘articulate’ or ‘just like us’)”. The organization only sees part of the problem involving racism and intolerance. An organization open to symbolic change is committed to inclusion of people of racial and ethnic minorities. These organizations will have minorities on their committees and/or staffs but only those who do not make waves. While antiracist language may be used, it is not fully implemented. These organizations are largely unaware of their habits of paternalism and privilege.
An organization that is undergoing analytic change aims to eliminate discriminatory practices and inherent advantage. In these organizations antiracist training is implemented and practiced. An organization going through these changes acknowledges the need for accountability to racial and ethnic groups but has not yet implemented these structures. An organization that is actively redefining itself will go through structural change where it is no longer satisfied with just being antiracist, it looks to change along a broader racial and cultural perspective. Such an organization implements accountability to oppressed community members.
The ultimate organization will be a fully inclusive organization where diversity is seen as an asset. It fosters full participation or everyone in decisions that shape it. There is a commitment to address racism and structural violence within the organization and beyond.
So the question is, “Where does Canada and its educational institutes fall into this taxonomy?”
Arguably, I believe that we would likely place our country and most of its educational institutes somewhere in the third stage of symbolic change. However, it is likely that some organizations could be identified as being in stage four, the analytical change stage. What do we need to do, to create fully inclusive organizations? This is a question that is becoming more important to address, as the country demographically shifts over the next two decades.

 
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